Medical terms I use here

Just some medical terms I use throughout my articles.

Glucophage.
Oral agent for diabetes that works by controlling the production of blood glucose by the liver between meals, by reducing insulin resistance, and by interfering with digestion of carbohydrates.

Glucose.  Blood sugar.
The nutrient produced when carbohydrates are digested.  The only source of cell fuel for certain cells in the body, including nerve cells, brain cells, and others.

Glucotrol.  Also, Glucotrol XL.
Oral agent that increases production of insulin by the pancreas.  Also, reduces insulin resistance.  XL designates “extra long-acting.”

Glycosolated Hemoglobin A1c.
Sometimes called “A1c” for short.  A blood test done in a laboratory.  Must be ordered by a health care provider. Shows a value something like the “average” level of blood glucose over the last 2 – 3 months.

Glynase.
Oral agent for diabetes that works by increasing the production of insulin by the pancreas.

Heart Attack. 
Blockage in the flow of blood in the arteries feeding the heart muscles.  May be fatal or not — depending on how much of heart dies from lack of oxygen.

Hemorrhagic Stroke. 
Damage to the brain caused by a break in a blood vessel wall allowing blood to leak into and damage brain cells.  Sometimes fatal, depending on location and size of leak.  Damage can be temporary or permanent depending on size of area effected and location in the brain.

High Level Wellness. 
Perception of well-being, having energy to do desired activities of daily living, infatigable, lack of melancholy, energetic, able to function at own best.

Insulin. 
A hormone produced in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhan in the pancreas.  Must be present for glucose to enter the cell.

Insulin Resistance. 
The lack of receptiveness to insulin by the insulin receptors in the cell membrane.

Ischemic.  Too low on oxygen. 
Generally referring to a blockage of an artery.  Lack of oxygen to a body part for more than 4 – 6 minutes can cause cells to die.

Islet of Langerhan. 
Area of the pancreas where beta cells are located.  Part of pancreas responsible for producing insulin.

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